Kashi Vishwanath Temple is on the coronary heart of many pilgrimages. It is without doubt one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India and is taken into account an important one. Situated within the lanes of Varanasi, it’s surrounded by so many temples you can actually get misplaced in them. The temple has seen many ups and downs identical to its devotees and has modified locations within the final thousand years. Include me for a digital pilgrimage to Kashi Vishwanath.
Kashi Vishwanath Story
Baba Vishwanath, Vishveshwara, and Kashi Vishwanath are totally different names of the deity who’s the lord of the universe. He’s additionally the presiding deity of Kashi Puri in addition to Kashi Kshetra.
Kashi is the town of Shiva. It’s stated that the town stands on the Trishul or the trident of Shiva. The three Shiva temples within the metropolis mark the three arrows of the Shiva. Vishwanath temple stands on the central arrow and the opposite two temples are Kedareshwar and Omkareshwar – each of which could be seen within the metropolis.
Kashi Khand of Skanda Purana mentions Divodasa because the righteous king of Kashi who dominated the town flawlessly. He took a boon from Brahma that no devatas would set foot in his metropolis. Brahma agreed to this below the situation that everybody in his kingdom must be glad. In the meantime, Shiva needed to return to his metropolis, however couldn’t due to this situation. He despatched totally different Devatas like 64 Yoginis, 12 Adityas, his ganas, and Ganesha to show the state of affairs in his favor. Lastly, Vishnu was in a position to persuade Divodasa to let the Shiva come again and preside over the town.
Gyanvapi properly situated within the temple predates Ganga in Kashi. It was excavated by Shiva utilizing his Trishul for the Abhishek of Avimukteshwara Linga.
Nearly each saint and rishi has visited Kashi and Vishwanath. Many have carried out Tapasya right here and sung the glories for Vishwanath. Bear in mind the M S Subbulakshmi’s Kashi Vishwanath Suprabhatam. Travelogues of Asi Shankaracharya, Tulsidas, Guru Nanak, and Vivekanand point out each the town and its lord.
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Historical past of Kashi Vishwanath temple
Kashi Vishwanath temple is talked about within the Kashi Khand of Skanda Purana which talks about all of the Tirthas within the metropolis of Kashi or Varanasi.
In identified historical past, virtually each traveler to the town of Kashi mentions the temple together with the very fact that it’s the metropolis of Shiva. Being one of the crucial revered temples within the holiest metropolis of India, it was susceptible to assaults by the invaders. It confronted the primary recorded assault in 1194 CE by Muhammad Ghori who did plenty of destruction to the town. Quickly Razia Sultan – the empress of Delhi constructed a mosque on the place of the temple. The temple was moved nearer to Avimukteshwar temple close by.
Then there have been assaults by Sikandar Lodhi across the flip of 16th CE. Each time it was destroyed, it was rebuilt by the Hindu kings in addition to the tens of millions of pilgrims visiting it yearly. The final huge assault was executed by Aurangzeb who destroyed the temple and constructed the Gyanvapi mosque on the ruins of the temple. The temple priest jumped within the Gyanvapi properly with the Shivalingam to guard it.
Constructed by Rani Ahilya Bai Holkar
The Vishwanath temple that we see now was constructed by the Rani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Malwa in 1780 CE. Many Rajputana and Maratha kings tried to re-built the temple however not lots of them succeeded. Maharaja Ranjit Singh donated a ton of gold for the temple Shikhara in 1835 CE. Many different kings donated silver, murtis or contributed to constructing the temple premises.
Pt Madan Mohan Malviya constructed a brand new Kashi Vishwanath Temple on the Banaras Hindu College Campus with the assist of the Birla household. It was began within the Nineteen Thirties and was accomplished within the Nineteen Sixties. The temple has the tallest Shikharas amongst all of the Hindu temples on the planet.
In 2021, the current authorities constructed the Kashi Vishwanath Hall connecting the temple on to the ghats of Ganga. Earlier you needed to take a circuitous route from the ghats to achieve the temple, now you possibly can simply stroll by way of a large hall.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Kashi Vishwanath Gali is a slender lane filled with distributors promoting every kind of colourful puja objects in addition to standard souvenirs from Varanasi. You stroll by way of this slender lane to achieve the Annapurna temple first after which the Kashi Vishwanath temple. The temple is smaller than what you consider it from its tales. Effectively, it’s a temple that’s nonetheless ready to be reconstructed in its full glory and at its authentic place.
You enter by way of the silver paneled doorways into the premises which have many temples. You may acknowledge the Vishwanath temple each from the crowds that it attracts in addition to from the golden Shikhara. The Shivalingam is mounted on a silver Yoni within the Garbhagriha. The temple follows the north Indian Nagara type of structure, totally on its Shikharas.
There’s a small open mandapa outdoors the Garbhagriha, which is the place you do the darshan from.
There are numerous small temples surrounding the primary temple. A lot of them have been moved throughout the growth of temple premises for the Kashi Vishwanath Hall.
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Arti’s at Kashi Vishwanath Temple
There are 5 major Artis which can be carried out on the temple:
Carried out early morning round 3:00 AM, it’s the first Arti of the day, a ritual to get up Baba Vishwanath for the day. Solely after this Arti, the doorways of the temple are opened for the darshan. The Arti consists of Shodashopachar or worship with 16 objects, Arti, Stuti, and a prayer for the well-being of the universe.
It’s fairly standard with guests, pilgrims in addition to folks of Kashi. Most tour guides would take you to the Mangala Arti early morning, in a sort of a guided tour. You too can do a reside darshan supplied by the official web site of the temple.
Early morning is the perfect time to go to temples and as you stroll round the primary temples, you’d see and listen to the chants from many huge and small temples which can be within the neighborhood of this temple.
Carried out round Midday time, that is when the Bhog or Prasad is obtainable to Baba Vishwanath. At the moment Rudrabhishek is carried out together with Shringar, Stuti, and Arti. Bhog is obtainable as per the Vara or day of the week or Tithi or the lunar date. For instance, solely fruit or dairy merchandise are supplied on Ekadashi whereas on different days fruits, puri, halwa, or standard meals are supplied. Prasad is given to all current throughout this Arti. Meals is supplied to Dandi Swamis after the Bhog Arti.
Carried out after sundown, this can be a very distinctive Arti carried out on the temple. It represents the worship by Saptarishis or the seven biggest rishis – Kashyap, Atri, Vasishtha, Vishwamitra, Gautama, Jamadagani, and Bharadwaja. This Arti has roots in Samaveda that’s meant to be sung. Within the good outdated days, kings would appoint Brahmins to carry out this Arti on their behalf.
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Ratri Shringar Arti
Carried out round 9 PM, the specialty of this Arti is that Shiva is adorned because the ruler of Kashi known as Kashipuradhishwara. This Arti is carried out with historic Vedic rituals that embody Shringar, Rudrabhishek, Stuti, Arti, and Bhog.
That is the final Arti of the day when the Baba is put to sleep and the doorways of the temple closed. It’s executed by the Kashi Vasis or the residents of the town of Kashi. Normally, after 11 PM, about 40-50 Kashi residents collect within the mandapa and sing the Arti. The crescendo of their singing is value an expertise. Not many guests are current at the moment, so that you see a temple that’s not too crowded and naturally the sheer devotion of the folks of Kashi.
Patalakhanda of Padma Purana mentions that within the morning one ought to take a dip within the Ganga or within the afternoon in Manikarnika Kund after which go to the essential temples on this order – Vishwanath, Bhavani or Annapurna temple, Dhundiraja temple, Dandapani, and Kala Bhairava temples. These are the 5 most essential temples for the Kashi pilgrimage.
Kashi Khand mentions a barely longer pilgrimage together with Tarpana for ancestors and visiting temples of all deities together with Vishnu and Ganesha.
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Festivals on the temple
Shivaratri occurs each month on the 14th day of the darkish fortnight of the month. Within the month of Phalgun, it’s celebrated as Mahashivaratri or the largest evening of Shiva. On today, devotees go to the temple to supply Abhishek and take darshan. Kashi Vishwanath temple stays open by way of the evening on Shivaratri. No Shayan Arti is carried out because the temple doorways are usually not closed. Completely different codecs of Arti are used on Mahashivaratri to permit most devotees to have darshan.
Celestially, Mahashivaratri occurs near the spring equinox.
Do learn: Panch Kroshi Yatra of Kashi – Historic Pilgrim route of Varanasi
Celebrated on the Phalgun Shukla Ekadashi, the competition of colours fills the temples and devotees with colours. Shiva and Parvati Utsava murtis are supplied Abira and Gulal – the brilliant pink colours. Then the devotees play amongst themselves. Music and dance add to the enjoyment of celebration.
Shravan Masa or the month of Shravana is the month of Shiva worship. Mondays of this month are thought-about auspicious to go to the Shiva temples throughout the nation. So, this most essential Shiva temple can be filled with devotees who wish to supply water, milk, curd, or Bilva leaves to Shiva.
Completely different elaborate Shringars are executed on 4 Mondays of Shravan month.
It is without doubt one of the most auspicious days within the Indian Calendar. On today Vishwanath is sprinkled with Gangajal utilizing a fountain.
This competition takes place within the month of Kartika, simply the day after Deepawali. Chhappan Bhog or 56 various kinds of dishes are ready and supplied to Shiva and his household throughout the Bhog Arti.
Dev Deepawali is widely known on the Kartik Purnima, totally on the ghats of Ganga when tens of millions of Diyas or earthen lamps are lit up. On the temple too, particular lighting is finished.
My expertise of visiting this temple a number of occasions says that – Day by day is Utsava right here.
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- Varanasi is properly linked by air, railways, and street.
- Anybody in Varanasi will direct you to Kashi Vishwanath Temple. The time wanted will depend on the crowds.
- You aren’t allowed to take any digital devices contained in the temple, not even your cell phone.
- There are numerous methods to method the temple. The most well-liked approach is from Vishwanath Gali, then there’s an entrance from the Chowk aspect now and naturally the doorway from the Ganga aspect by way of Kashi Vishwanath Hall.
- It is suggested to attend not less than one Arti throughout your go to.
- You may ebook your go to, keep, and Puja on-line by way of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple web site.
Do learn: Bharat Kala Bhavan – Museum at BHU, Varanasi
When you’ve got time to discover Varanasi additional head to Ramnagar Fort throughout the Ganga and likewise go to Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Memorial in his hometown.
Kashi Khand Skanda Purana
Bhaj Vishwanatham Nitin Ramesh Gokarn (Author) and Manish Khattry (Photographer) –